Biotechnology University of Wrocław

Methanogenium cariaci

immunofluorescence microscopy , magnification: 4000, authors: E. C. de Macario and A. J. L. Macario , public domain link: http://icsp.org/subcommittee/methanoarchaea/species/mgn_cariaci.html


Taxonomy

  • Class: Methanomicrobia
  • Order: Methanomicrobiales
  • Family: Methanomicrobiaceae
  • Genus: Methanogenium

Temperature [°C]

  • Temperature min.: 15
  • Temperature max.: 35
  • Temperature optimal min.: 20
  • Temperature optimal max.: 25

Alcalinity

  • pH minimum: 6
  • pH maximum: 7.5
  • pH optimal min.: 6.8
  • pH optimal max.: 7.2

Salinity [mol * dm -3 NaCl]

  • NaCl minimal: 0.23
  • NaCl maximal: 0.69
  • NaCl optimal min.: 0.46
  • NaCl optimal max.: 0.46

Growth rate

  • Growth rate: 0.063
  • Doubling time [h]: 11
  • Growth factor: yeast extract, acetate,
  • Growth Stimulators:

Morphology

  • Motility: no
  • Shape: Irregular cocci
  • Gram reaction: negative
  • Cell surface structures (flagella, pili, fimbriae): present

Dimensions [μm]

  • Width min.: 2.6
  • Width max.: 2.6
  • Length min.: 2.6
  • Length max.: 2.6

Sources

  • Other: H. Zabel et al.; 1984; Arch. Microbiol.; vol. 37; p. 308
  • Main: J. Romesser et al.; 1979; Arch. Microbiol.; vol. 121; p. 147
  • Link: Visit page

Strain info

  • DSM: DSM-1497
  • Other collections: ATCC 35093, JCM 10550, OCM 49, OCM 155
  • Type strain: JR1
  • G+C content: 52

Environment

  • Reactors: not applicable
  • Intestinal tracks: not applicable
  • Soil: not applicable
  • Water sediments: yes
  • Volcanic: not applicable
  • Other:
  • Description: Sediment collected at station 2030 on R. V. Atlantis II cruise 79 in the Cariaco Trench.

Substrate

  • H2+CO2: feeds
  • Formate: feeds
  • Acetate: do not feed on
  • Methanol: do not feed on
  • Methylamin:
  • Di-methylamin:
  • Tri-methylamin:
  • CO:
  • Ethanol:
  • 1-propanol:
  • 1-butanol:
  • 2-propanol:
  • Butanol:
  • Cyclopentanol:
  • Isobutanol:
  • Dimethyl sulfide:
  • H2+Methanol: not determined
  • Other: